The ethnographic aspect of the Loire is presented through evocative items such as paintings of landscapes, earthenware, models of boats and everyday objects.
Following a brief introduction to the link between the river and humans throughout history, visitors are transported back to gain an insight into the jobs of days gone by.
In the first room of the museum, bargemen, washerwomen, barge haulers and sand dredgers are called to mind through displays of their everyday tools, giving a potent reminder of how important the Loire used to be throughout the centuries.

Many earthenware items are also exhibited, illustrating the importance of its production in this area and its link to fishing and navigation.

Beliefs and devotion have not been overlooked either: Saint Nicolas, the patron saint of bargemen, or Ver-Vert, the famous parrot of Nevers which forms the subject of the poem by the Jesuit Gresset, can be seen in the windows of the room.

The following room exhibits very beautiful models of the various Loire boats, which can be seen from the outside thanks to a glazed passageway. River navigation is evoked by means of various boats, transported goods and the advent of canals along the Loire.